Kuniyoshi was a Japanese ukyio-e (woodblock print) artist who worked in Edo (now Tokyo) during the first half of the 19th century. Unlike many of his contemporaries who liked to depict peaceful country scenes (like Hokusai) or famous contemporary stage performers (like Sharaku), Kuniyoshi’s preferred subject was martial heroes from legend. In this work he represents Inaue Daikuroo Masatada, from the epic novel Taiheki eiyu-den.
What did Inaue do to merit this depiction which seems like a scene crossed between Predator and Warhammer? According to the Taiheki, Inaue was fighting the Chinese in Korea (1597) where he fought off forty thousand enemy troops, by his skillful use of rifles, and of throwing rocks and trees. In case you are thinking that the gun he is holding looks a little big, that it is because it is in fact a cannon. Aaaarrnold has nothing on this guy.